Those who believed that comfort is the only reason to wear sports shoes during exercise are wrong. It is a type of implement specifically designed for sport ; its use in the middle of physical activity is key in the prevention of injuries.
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Providing a good foundation for the body
On the feet we support all the weight of our body. Obviously, the type of footwear used by an athlete defines their physical performance in a good way. Sports shoes are made based on biomechanical principles and studies
In fact, each sport has a type of sports shoe according to its practice. It all depends on factors such as kinetics, surface and other characteristics of the discipline. Each aspect is thought out before making and producing each model.
The goal is always to offer flexibility in movement, cushioning and grip . This is so, understanding that sports practice involves kinetics at various levels. Being able to move while avoiding losing control is also central to these implements.
What is considered in the manufacture of sports shoes
The surface: in principle, the shoe should not impede movement, but neither should it facilitate its lack of control. If, for example, the floor is made of wood, the grip will be essential. On asphalt, the shoe is usually a bit smoother.
Sports discipline: each discipline has a dynamic and the shoe must respond to this. Soccer shoes have cleats to grip the grass. Those of baseball should respond well to earth, understanding their irregularity.
The shape of the foot: there are cavus, flat and normal feet. In addition, each sport favors a type of footwear based on these morphologies. This is where biomechanics studies come in.
Weight: depending on the discipline, athletes tend to develop a weight and body morphology. These values are taken into account in the designs; aerodynamics is also taken into account.
Foot morphology matters
People can also be divided according to their footsteps: pronator, supinator or neutral. Pronation occurs when, when stepping, we push our foot inward. On the contrary, supination implies a sinking towards the outside of the foot.
This analysis is important, because it defines our most accentuated movements in sport. In fact, both reflexes occur in the middle of the impulse and this occurs when we jump or run.
Being something so decisive, professional athletes choose their shoes based on their inclination. There are also people with neural tread, in which there is no collapse and the impulse is linear.
The contribution of sports shoes
A basic principle of sports cars has to do with flexibility. That is why materials tend to have a certain level of elasticity; this in turn generates more natural, aerodynamic and comfortable movements. The nature of these shoes is to be neither too tight nor too loose overall.
Sports shoes prevent injuries. These adhere in the correct way to each type of floor and protect various areas of the foot. For example, in basketball it is very common to use boots that cover the ankles. This is because in this sport jumping and friction in the air are central.
The cushioning is also a key aspect, because it facilitates better falls. Sports shoes reduce the impact, make it more natural and thus also prevent injuries.
Although in the sports world it is impossible to escape injuries, sports shoes have reduced their occurrence. Sprains, tendonitis, and dislocations have a lot to do with wearing inappropriate shoes. Today’s athletes are less at risk from these conditions.
For example, the implemented material prevents the proliferation of the so-called ‘ athlete’s foot’, reducing the risk of fungal appearance. Chafing and blisters are another bad alleviation.
Over the years, the materials, designs and effects of the sports car are even better. Choosing them correctly allows improvements in physical performance and the health of our feet and legs.